What are Melasma and Hyperpigmentation?
Melasma, also known as chloasma, is a type of hyperpigmentation (or brown spots) that occurs when uneven patches of dark skin appear on the face or forearms. These tan or brown spots normally occur symmetrically on the forehead, cheeks, nose, or upper lip. The appearance of melasma distinguishes it from other dermal conditions that lead to the darkening of the skin. Although melasma is a common condition, it occurs more frequently in women. It may be caused by sun damage or by hormonal fluctuations, such as with menopause and pregnancy. Those with darker skin types are more prone to melasma and hyperpigmentation compared to those with lighter complexions. Board-certified dermatologist Dr. Mary Pentel treats melasma regularly at Southside Dermatology & Laser Cosmetic Center in Jacksonville, FL, where we provide a number of treatments, which can reduce its appearance.
"Friendly and knowledgeable staff."- B.S. / Google / Feb 29, 2020
"Moved down from another state so I needed to find another a new trusted place with all this face ❤️ so I did my research and got some great feedback from online and I was off ..... First time here and I must say was a wonderful experience ,from the moment I walked Thur the door till I left . Everyone At the front desk that greeted me was smiling and kind and took every question I had very professional . I had the pleasure with lorie , had such a lovely experience . Got my fix of services lol and I believe I found my new home for all my beauty needs thank you so much for a great experience and I will be back ."- C.R. / Google / Mar 06, 2020
"I have had Botox and MiraDry at this location. Every experience has been amazing! The staff is wonderful, friendly, and helpful. They walk you through the procedure before and follow up after. I have recommended Southside Dermatology & Laser Cosmetic Center to several friends."- J.N. / Yelp / Feb 26, 2020
"Love this place. Been there 10 years or longer. Dr Pentel and staff friendly, caring do a great job and if the appointment is at 10 that is when go in. Have never had to wait. Dont like being cut on but this the place to go."- W.N. / Google / Feb 25, 2020
"Awesome job, and quick."- A.B. / Google / Feb 11, 2020
what Causes Hyperpigmentation?
The specific cause of hyperpigmentation and melasma remains unidentified. Experts think that the dark spots in melasma could be triggered by several factors — including race, hormone fluctuations, genetics, anti-seizure drugs, and other medications — that make the skin more susceptible to pigmentation changes after exposure to UV rays. Uncontrolled sunlight exposure is perhaps the chief cause of melasma, particularly for people with a genetic predisposition to this condition. Studies have demonstrated that people normally develop melasma in the summer when the sun is most intense. In the winter, the hyperpigmentation can be milder or less visible.
What are the Symptoms
Hyperpigmentation and melasma are characterized by discoloration or hyperpigmentation, primarily in the facial areas. Three kinds of ordinary facial patterns are identified in people with melasma:
- Centrofacial – (center of the face) hyperpigmentation amid the cheeks, upper lip, nose, chin, and forehead
- Malar – (cheekbones) melasma patterns near the upper cheekbone
- Mandibular – (jawbone) hyperpigmentation along the jaw
Multiple treatments may be needed to attain the best results. During your initial consultation, Dr. Pentel can create a custom treatment plan that meets your unique needs and concerns. There are numerous possibilities for the treatment of melasma. First, there are a number of topical ointments, lotions, and gels that we can prescribe to encourage skin lightening. Second, there are skin-care treatments, such as the HydraFacial, chemical peels, and laser skin resurfacing. Patients can also choose from a variety of laser or light-based treatments, such as:
- Forever Clear BBL™
- Fotona StarWalker®
- Clear + Brilliant®
- Erbium Laser
- PICO Genesis enlighten®
- xeo® Laser Genesis
- Photodynamic therapy (PDT)
Get a Professional Diagnosis
If you suffer from melasma and are fed up with trying to conceal it with makeup or if you spend too much money on over-the-counter treatments that don't provide the results you desire, then we invite you to contact Southside Dermatology & Laser Cosmetic Center in Jacksonville, FL to schedule a consultation. Melasma needs a special diagnosis so the right treatment can be provided. If the incorrect treatment is applied, the condition may worsen. Dr. Pentel can accurately diagnose and address melasma to supply you with a great outcome.